Drug and alcohol treatment requires a multifaceted approach, with a wide variety of recovery programs initiated during the treatment process. Drug treatment is often divided into detox and rehab, with detox enabling the cessation of drug use and rehab treating the underlying causes of abuse and dependence. Recovery programs normally take place during the rehab phase of treatment, with common approaches based on group counseling, behavior therapy and relapse prevention.
Drug treatment facilities often specialize in particular recovery programs, with some treatment centers and non-profit groups also offering aftercare support. To learn more about our recovery programs and find the one that works for you, contact Drug Treatment Centers Belleville today at (973) 547-8142.
The availability of recovery programs depends on the operational philosophy of each treatment center, with some facilities adhering to the disease model of addiction and others to the free will model of addiction. Staff expertise and the needs of the local community also influence the availability of programs, with some centers specializing in particular approaches and others offering a wide selection of services. Most programs are based on either medical or psychotherapeutic principles, with behavior therapy particularly influential. Examples of behavior therapy models include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational therapy and family therapy.
Medications are typically used during the detox phase of drug treatment, with opioids used for pain relief and benzodiazepines used to treat sleep and anxiety problems. Ongoing and long-term medication therapy is also useful in certain situations, especially in the case of heroin addiction. Opioid replacement therapy, also known as opioid substitution therapy, is the most well-known example.
During opioid replacement therapy, legal opioids such as methadone and buprenorphine are substituted for heroin and other problematic opioid drugs. This form of maintenance therapy is intended to reduce heroin cravings and the harm associated with illegal drug use. While some experts have criticized this therapy for enabling secondary opioid addictions, it has proved useful as a method of harm reduction.
Most drug programs are based on counseling, with traditional group and individual counseling available during residential and relapse prevention programs. Counselors help recovering addicts to identify problematic behaviors and understand the intricate links between thoughts, feelings and behavioral responses.
By recognizing high risk situations as they arise and developing new coping skills, patients learn how to make new lifestyle decisions in a safe and supportive environment. A wide array of counseling approaches are available, including group counseling, crisis counseling, client-centered counseling and 12-step programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
AA and other 12-step groups play an important role for many people during the recovery process, with groups including Narcotics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous, Marijuana Anonymous, Benzodiazepine Anonymous and many more. These programs utilize the disease model of addiction, with patients rendered essentially powerless over their disease.
By recognizing a higher power and amending past mistakes, recovering addicts are able to move beyond their disease with the help of a supportive social network. While many people have criticized 12-step groups for their spiritual-religious bias, SMART Recovery and other secular alternatives are also available.
A number of new and innovative therapies have become available in recent years, with many using cognitive and behavioral principles to encourage abstinence and recovery. Examples include art therapy, music therapy, general spirituality, restorative yoga, mindfulness, gender-based therapies, biofeedback and family therapy.
While these programs are not available from all facilities, they are becoming increasingly accessible across the United States. Recovery programs may also be available through local support groups and non-profit organizations, many of which operate from community centers and churches.
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