Prescription drug abuse is a serious problem that often requires formal treatment. While a wide array of legitimate medications can be abused, the vast majority of prescription drug abuse falls into three distinct classes: opioids, sedatives, and stimulants. Prescription drug abuse has been associated with a number of health and social problems, with physical dependence also a real danger in the case of opioid and sedative abuse.
To get more information on how to treat a substance abuse problem, contact Drug Treatment Centers Belleville recovery programs today at (973) 547-8142.
Prescription drug abuse takes many forms. Some of the more common patterns of abuse include taking larger doses than prescribed, combining medications, buying medications or prescriptions on the black market, taking substances intended for someone else, and using a different method of administration than intended by a doctor.
The misuse and over use of prescription medications affects people from all walks of life, with some people abusing drugs on purpose for recreational reasons and others slowly becoming dependent over time. There are many ways to obtain prescription drugs, including friends and family members, single doctors, illegal dealers, and multiple doctors in a practice known as “doctor shopping”.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, 52 million Americans have misused prescription medications at some point in their life. This includes 8.76 million who have misused them in the past year and 6.1 million who have misused them in the past month. The vast majority of abuse takes place with just three classes of substances.
Opioid painkillers are abused by 5.1 million people each year, sedatives are abused by 2.2 million and stimulants are abused by 1.1 million people. In one amazing statistic, 75 percent of the world’s prescription drugs are consumed in America, a country that accounts for just 5 percent of the global population. Most people take these substances because they are easy to obtain, with the legal status of medications also influencing consumption rates along with their price and safety in comparison to illicit drugs.
Opioids are the most widely abused class of prescription medications, with common substances including morphine, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, methadone and buprenorphine. Opioids are taken medically to treat acute and chronic pain conditions, and abused often for their euphoric qualities. The extensive and long-term use of opioids is likely to cause tolerance and physical dependence, with a range of withdrawal symptoms experienced upon cessation of use.
Common symptoms include agitation, sweating, muscle spasms, depression, nausea, vomiting, cold sweats, involuntary body movements and abdominal cramping. Medications are often used to alleviate these symptoms, with opioids sometimes prescribed on a long-term basis under the context of opioid replacement therapy.
Sedatives are also known as central nervous system (CNS) depressants or tranquilizers, with common examples including benzodiazepines and barbiturates. While opioids and alcohol are also CNS depressants, they are generally classified separately. Benzodiazepines are the most widely abused class of sedatives, with common trade names including Valium, Xanax and Serax.
These produce tolerance and a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use, with typical symptoms including insomnia, irritability, increased tension, anxiety, hand tremors, sweating, panic attacks, mental confusion, cognitive difficulty, weight loss, palpitations, memory loss, headaches and muscular pain. Hallucinations, seizures and psychosis are also possible in severe cases, with a gradual dose reduction normally applied during the detox and rehab period.
Medical detox and drug rehabilitation are often required to help people break the bonds of addiction, with relapse prevention programs initiated during residential and aftercare treatment. To learn about substance abuse treatment options, contact Drug Treatment Centers Belleville rehab centers today at (973) 547-8142.
We make the insurance verification process easy so you can begin the journey to recovery quickly and safe. 100% Confidential